Deutschsprachige Links sowie englische und spanische Quellen zum Thema finden Sie hier:

  • Glaser B., Woods, W. (2004) Amazônian Dark Earths: Explorations in Space and Time. Springer, Heidelberg, 250 pp, in press.
  • Lehmann, J., Kern, D., Glaser, B., Woods, W. (2004) Amazônian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, and Management. Kluwer, in press.
  • Glaser B., Guggenberger G., Zech W. (2004) Past anthropogenic influence on the present soil properties of anthropogenic dark earths (Terra Preta) in Amazonia (Brazil). In: Glaser, B., Woods, W. (Eds.) Amazônian Dark Earths. Springer, Heidelberg, 250 pp, in press.
  • Glaser B., Zech W. (2004) History, current knowledge and future perspectives of geoecological research concerning the origin of Amazonian anthropogenic dark earths (Terra Preta). In: Glaser, B., Woods, W. (Eds.) Amazônian Dark Earths. Springer, Heidelberg, 250 pp, in press.
  • Glaser B., Woods, W. (2004) Organic chemistry studies on Amaônian Dark Earths. In: Lehmann, J., Kern, D., Glaser, B., Woods, W. (Eds.) Amazônian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, and Management. Kluwer, in press.
  • Glaser B., Guggenberger G., Zech W., Ruivo M.L. (2004) Soil organic matter stability in Amazônian Dark Earths. In: Lehmann, J., Kern, D., Glaser, B., Woods, W. (Eds.) Amazônian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, and Management. Kluwer, in press.
  • Sombroek, W., Ruivo, M.D.L., Fearnside, P.M., Glaser, B., Lehmann, J. (2004) Anthropogenic Dark Earths as carbon stores and sinks. In: Lehmann, J., Kern, D., Glaser, B., Woods, W. (Eds.) Amazônian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, and Management. Kluwer, in press.
  • Glaser, B., Neves, E.G., Peterson, J.B., (2003) Contribuição de análises de química orgânica e DNA para o entendimento da gênese das terras pretas da Amazônia Central. In: SAB XII Conference. Sociedade de Arqueologia Brasileira, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
  • Glaser, B., Woods, W., (2003) Molecular archaeometric methods and the origin of Amazonian Dark Earths: Possibilities and Limitations. In: 68th SAA Meeting, pp. 104. Society for American Archaeology, Milwaukee, WI.
  • Glaser B. (2002) The long term memory of soils – how Amazonian dark earths reflect past land-use. European Tropical Forest Research Network (ETFRN) News 37, 25-27.
  • Sombroek W., Kern D., Rodrigues T., da Silva Cravo M., Jarbas Cunha T., Woods W., Glaser B. (2002) Terra Preta and Terra Mulata: pre-Columbian Amazon kitchen middens and agricultural fields, their sustainability and their replication. Paper presented at the ISSS Conference, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Mann C.C. (2002) The real dirt on Rainforest fertility. Science 297, 922 – 923.

Unsere Technologie zur Herstellung von TERRA PRETA

Wir haben die von uns vertriebenen Produkte auf Basis wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse Ende der 90ger Jahre entwickelt und seitdem beständig weiterentwickelt. Wir nennen unsere Technologie TERRA PRETA. Es mag jedoch auch andere Personen und Unternehmen geben, die eine Technologie und Verfahren zur Herstellung von Terra Preta entwickelt haben. Literatur, auf der wir unsere Entwicklung aufgebaut haben finden Sie unter den folgenden Quellen, die bis weit in die frühen 90ger Jahr zurückgehen.

  • Amazonian dark earths – explorations in space and time Bruno Glaser, William I. Woods : Springer, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-540-00754-7
  • Amazonian dark earths – origin, properties, management Johannes Lehmann: Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht 2003, ISBN 1-4020-1839-8
  • Zech, M; Zech, R; Zech, W; Glaser, B; Brodowski, S; Amelung, W: Characterisation and palaeoclimate of a loess-like permafrost palaeosol sequence in NE Siberia, Geoderma, 143, 281-295 (2008)
  • Aichner, B; Glaser, B; Zech, W: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in urban soils Kathmandu, Nepal, Organic Geochemistry, 38, 700-715 (2007)
  • Bock, M; Glaser, B; Millar, N: Sequestration and turnover of plant- and microbially derived sugars in a temperate grassland soil during 7 years exposed to elevated atmospheric pCO2, Global Change Biology, 13, 478-490 (2007)
  • Sombroek W G, Nachtergaele F O and Hebel A, 1993. Amounts, dynamics and sequestering of carbon in tropical and subtropical soils. Ambio, 22: 417-426.
  • Vásquez de Espinosa A, 1948. Compendio y Descripción de las Indias Occidentales, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Washington.
  • Whitmore T C, 1993. Tropische Regenwälder. Eine Einführung, Spectrum Academischer Verlage, Heidelberg.
  • Woods W I, 1995. Comments on the black earths of Amazonia. In: Schoolmaster F A (Editor), Papers and Proceedings of Applied Geography Conferences, Arlington, irginia.
  • Woods W I and Mann C C, 2000a. Earthmovers of the Amazon. Science, 287: 786-789.
  • Wüst I and Barreto C, 1999. The ring villages of central Brazil: A challenge for Amazonian archaeology. Latin American Antiquity, 10: 3-23.
  • Fiedler, S; Förster, M; Glaser, B; Zech, W: Alkylphenols in sediments of the Atlantic Rainforest south-west of Sao Paulo, Brazil, Chemosphere, 66, 212-218 (2007) — Details
  • Zech, M; Zech, R; Glaser, B: A 240,000-year stable carbon and nitrogen isotope record from a loess-like palaeosol sequence in the Tumara Valley, Northeast Siberia, Chemical Geology, 242, 307-318 (2007)
  • Glaser, B: Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 362, 187-196 (2007)
  • Anonymous, 1994. Environmental and Social Implications of Pre- and Postcontact Situations on Brazilian Indians: The Kayapó and a New Amazonian Synthesis. In: Roosevelt A C (Editor), Amazonian Indians from Prehistory to the Present: Anthropological Perspectives, University of Arizona Press, Tuscon, pp. 271-286.
  • Baier T, 1996. Menschliche Spuren im Urwald: Neues über die Herkunft der amerikanischen Indianer. Süddeutsche Zeitung(101).
  • Balée W, 1989. The Culture of Amazonian Forests. In: Posey D A and Balée W (Editors), Resource Management in Amazonia: Folk and Indigenous Strategies. Advances in Economic Botany No. 7, New York Botanical Garden, New York, pp. 1-21.
  • Discovery and awareness of anthropogenic amazonian dark earths (terra preta)”, by William M. Denevan, University of Wisconsin–Madison, and William I. Woods, University of Kansas.
  • Glaser, Bruno. Terra Preta Web Site. http://www.geo.uni-bayreuth.de/bodenkunde/terra_preta/.
  • Glaser, Bruno (27 February 2007). Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century. Philosophic Transactions of the Royal Society B 362 (1478): 187–196. doi:10.1098/rstb.2006.1978. http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/(xquef445kynlbt3pti5kdsr0)/app/home/contribution.asp?referrer=parent&backto=issue,3,14;journal,5,231;linkingpublicationresults,1:102022,1. Retrieved 2008-05-04.
  • E.G. Neves, R.N. Bartone, J.B. Petersen & M.J. Heckenberger (2001). The timing of Terra Preta formation in the central Amazon: new data from three sites in the central Amazon. p. 10.
  • Historical Ecology and Future Explorations” in Amazonian Dark Earths: origin, properties, and management” [2] by J. Lehmann, N. Kaampf, W.I. Woods, W. Sombroek, D.C. Kern, T.J.F. Cunha et al., Chapter 23, 2003. (Clark Erickson), pp. 484
  • Carbon negative energy to reverse global warming. http://www.eprida.com/hydro/yahoo2004.htm.
  • Mann, C. C., ed. (2005). 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. University of Texas. p. 296. ISBN 1400032059.
  • Mann, C, C., ed. (2005). 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. University of Texas. ISBN 1400032059.
  • Classification of Amazonian Dark Earths and other Ancient Anthropic Soils” in Amazonian Dark Earths: origin, properties, and management” [3] by J. Lehmann, N. Kaempf, W.I. Woods, W. Sombroek, D.C. Kern, T.J.F. Cunha et al., Chapter 5, 2003. (eds J. Lehmann, D. Kern, B. Glaser & W.I. Woods); cited in Lehmann et al., 2003, pp. 77–102.
  • Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments”, by J. Lehmann, J. Pereira da Silva Jr., C. Steiner, T. Nehls, W. Zech & Bruno Glaser. Plant and Soil 249: 343–357, 2003.
  • TP Sites Known in Literature and by Surveys”, by G. Bechtold
  • Cited by Charles C. Mann in 1491”, citation extract quoted [here http://www.ecoworld.com/blog/2007/11/27/terra-preta/].
  • Earthmovers of the Amazon” by Charles C. Mann. Article in the series News Focus” in SCIENCE, February 4, 2000, vol. 287: 786–789. This article presents archeological researches in the Beni area, directly linked with the recent renewal of interest on Terra preta, as well as photographs of experimental reconstructions of that mode of agriculture.
  • Vivre en Guyane” – compte rendu succint de découverte de sites de Terra preta en Guyane.
  • Terra Preta – Homepage about Anthrohumox in Brazilian Lowland – Research by Gerhard Bechtold.
  • Smouldered-earth policy – Created by ancient Amazonian natives, dark soils retain abundant carbon.” Article by B. Harder in [www.sciencenews.org Science News], 4 March 2006, vol. 169, p. 133.
  • The molecularly uncharacterized component of nonliving organic matter in natural environments.” by J.I. Hedges et al., 2000 Org. Geochem. 31, 945–958. (doi:10.1016/S0146-6380(00)00096-6). Cited by B. Glaser in Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century”.
  • The identification of black carbon particles with the analytical scanning electron microscope: methods and initial results.” P. Stoffyn-Egli, T.M. Potter, J.D. Leonard & R. Pocklington. 1997. Sci. Total Environ. 198, 211–223. (doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(97)05464-8). Cited by B. Glaser in Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century”.
  • Hydrogen-deficient molecules in natural riverine water samples—evidence for the existence of black carbon in DOM.” by S. Kim, L.A. Kaplan, R. Benner & P.G. Hatcher. 2004. Mar. Chem. 92, 225–234. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2004.06.042). Cited by B. Glaser in Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century”.
  • Black carbon in soils: the use of benzenecarboxylic acids as specific markers”, by B. Glaser, L. Haumaier, G. Guggenberger & W. Zech. 1998. Org. Geochem. 29, 811–819. (doi:10.1016/S0146-6380(98)00194-6). Cited by B. Glaser in Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century”
  • W.I. Woods & J.M. McCann in Yearbook Conf. Latin Am. Geogr. Vol. 25 (ed. Caviedes, C.) 7–14. (Univ. Texas, Austin, 1999). Cited in Putting the carbon back: Black is the new green” [9], article in Nature 442, 624-626, 10 August 2006. Link to article in the Biopact site: Terra Preta: how fuels can become carbon-negative and save the planet”.
  • The ‘Terra Preta’ phenomenon: a model for sustainable agriculture in the humid tropics.” by B. Glaser, L. Haumaier, G. Guggenberger and W. Zech, 2001. Naturwissenschaften 88, 37–41 (doi:10.1007/s001140000193). Cited in Weed composition and cover after three years of soil fertility management in the central Brazilian Amazon: Compost, fertilizer, manure and charcoal applications”, by J. Major et al.
  • B. Glaser & K.-H. Knorr, not yet published as to early 2007, cited in Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century”, by Bruno Glaser
  • Controls on production, incorporation and decomposition of glomalin — a novel fungal soil protein important to soil carbon storage. By Sara Wright, Soil Microbial Systems Laboratory. In Summaries of FY 2000 Activities, Energy Biosciences, September 2001.
  • Plant-fungal interactions via Glomalin: A fungal protein that affects soil ecosystem cycling of C, N, P & S. By Jude Maul and Laurie Drinkwater (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY). ESA Annual Meeting 2005, Palais des congrès de Montréal, Contributed Oral Session 89: Soil Ecology: Plant – Soil Relationships., August 10, 2005.
  • Organic chemistry studies on Amazonian Dark Earths”, by G. Guggenberger and W. Zech. Chapter 12 of [Amazonian Dark Earths: origin, properties, and management” http://www.css.cornell.edu/faculty/lehmann/terra_preta/Book/TerraPreta_book_publication.htm] by J. Lehmann, B. Glaser, N. Kaampf, W.I. Woods, W. Sombroek, D.C. Kern, T.J.F. Cunha et al. (eds J. Lehmann, D. Kern, B. Glaser & W. Woods 2003), pp. 227–241. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer.
  • Black carbon assessment using benzenepolycarboxylic acids: revised method”, by S. Brodowski, A. Rodiodec, L. Haumaier, B. Glaser & W. Amelung. 2005. Org. Geochem. 36, 1299–1310. (doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2005.03.011).
  • Woods W I and Mann C C, 2000b. The good earth: Did people improve the Amazon basin?. Science, 287: 788.
  • Woods W I and McCann J M, 1999a. The anthropogenic origin and persistence of Amazonian dark earths. The Yearbook of the Conference of Latin American Geographers, 25: 7-14.
  • Woods W I, Meyer D W and McCann J M, 2000. Black Earth Analysis: A Call for Cooperation, Proceedings of the CLAG 2000 Conference, 6 January 2000, Austin, Texas.
  • Woods W I, Wells C L and Meyer D W, 1996. Cautions on the use of soil data for prehistoric reconstructions: A Belize example. In: Schoolmaster A F and Harringgton J A (Editors), Papers and Proceedings of the Applied Geography Conferences, Applied Geography Conferences, Inc., Kansas City, Missouri, pp. 209-217.
  • Stability of soil organic matter in Terra Preta soils” by Bruno Glaser, Ludwig Haumaier,Georg Guggenberger and Wolfgang Zech, Institut de Sciences des Sols, University of Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany.
  • Ecological aspects of soil organic matter in tropical land use. In Humic substances in soil and crop sciences. Selected readings”, by W. Zech, L. Haumaier et R. Hempfling. 1990 (eds P. McCarthy, C. E. Clapp, R. L. Malcolm & P. R. Bloom), pp. 187–202. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society of America. Cited by B. Glaser in Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century”.
  • Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy for mapping nano-scale distribution of organic carbon forms in soil: Application to black carbon particles”, by Johannes Lehmann, Biqing Liang, Dawit Solomon, Mirna Lerotic, Flavio Luizao, James Kinyangi, Thorsten Schafer, Sue Wirick, and Chris Jacobsen. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 19, GB1013, doi:10.1029/2004GB002435, published 16 February 2005.
  • Slash-and-char: a feasible alternative for soil fertility management in the Central Amazon?”, by Johannes Lehmann, Jose Pereir Da Silva Jr., Marco Rondon, Cravo Manoel Da Silva, Jacqueline Greenwood, Thomas Nehls, Christoph Steiner and Bruno Glaser. Symposium no. 13, Paper no. 449. 17e WCSS, 14–21 August 2002, Thailand.
  • Everyone’s carbon sequestration: decrease atmospheric carbon dioxide, earn money and improve the soil.” By Folke Günther [13], Holon Ecosystem Consultants, Lund, Sweden. Presented at the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics – IIIEE), 26 March 2007.
  • Biodegradation of two commercial herbicides (Gramoxone and Matancha) by the bacteria Pseudomonas putida”, par M. Kopytko, G. Chalela & F. Zauscher. 2002. Elec. J. Biotechnol. 5, 182–195. Cited by B. Glaser in Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century”.
  • Amazon soils. A reconnaissance of the soils of the Brazilian Amazon region”, by W. G. Sombroek, 1966. vol. 672, p. 283. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Verslagen van Landbouw-kundige Onderzoekingen. Cited by B. Glaser in Prehistorically modified soils of central Amazonia: a model for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century”.
  • Site Terra Preta de Indio – Soil Biogeochemistry” by Johannes Lehmann, Cornell University.
  • Ingestion of charcoal by the Amazonian earthworm Pontoscolex corethrurus: a potential for tropical soil fertility by Jean-François Ponge, Stephanie Topoliantz, Sylvain Ballof, Jean-Pierre Rossi, Patrick Lavelle, Jean-Marie Betsch and Philippe Gaucher. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, Volume 38, Issue 7, July 2006, Pages 2008–2009.
  • Schmitt, A; Glaser, B; Borken, W; Matzner, E: Organic matter quality or a forest soil subjected to repeated drying and different rewetting intensities, European Journal of Soil Science, 61, 243-254 (2010) — Details
  • Ließ, M; Glaser, B; Huwe, B: Digital Soil Mapping in Southern Ecuador, Erdkunde, 63(4), 309-319 (2009)
  • Sauheitl, L; Glaser, B; Weigelt, A: Advantages of compound-specific stable isotope measurements over bulk measurements in studies on plant uptake of intact amino acids, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23(20), 3333 – 3342 (2009) — Details
  • Buggle, B; Hambach, U; Glaser, B; Gerasimenko, N; Markovic, SB; Glaser, I; Zöller, L: Stratigraphy and spatial and temporal paleoclimatic trends in Southeastern/Eastern European loess paleosol sequences, Quaternary International, 196, 86-106 (2009)
  • Markovic, SB; Hambach, U; Catto, N; Jovanovic, M; Buggle, B; Machalett, B; Zöller, L; Glaser, B; Frechen, M: Middle and Late Pleistocene loess sequences at Batajnica, Vojvodina, Serbia, Quaternary International, 198, 255-266 (2009)
  • Zech, M; Zech, R; Morras, H; Moretti, L; Glaser, B; Zech, W: Late Quaternary environmental changes in Misiones, subtropical NE Argentina, deduced from multi-proxy geochemical analyses in a palaeosol-sediment sequence, Quaternary International, 196, 121-136 (2009)
  • Zech, W; Zech, M; Zech, R; Peinemann, N; Morras, H; Moretti, L; Olge, N; Kalim, R; Fuchs, M; Schad, P; Glaser, B: Late Quaternary palaeosol records from subtropical (38º S) to tropical (16º S) South America and palaeoclimatic implications, Quaternary International, 196, 107-120 (2009)
  • Buggle, B; Glaser, B; Zöller, L; Hambach, U; Markovic, SB; Glaser, I; Gerasimenko, N: Geochemical characterization and origin of Southeastern and Eastern European loesses (Serbia, Romania, Ukraine), Quaternary Science Reviews, 27, 1058-1075 (2008)
  • Glaser, B; Knorr, KH: Isotopic evidence for condensed aromatics from non-pyrogenic sources in soils – implications for current methods for quantifying soil black carbon, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 22, 935-942 (2008)
  • Knorr, KH; Glaser, B; Blodau, C: Fluxes and 13C isotopic composition of dissolved carbon and pathways of methanogenesis in a fen soil exposed to experimental drought, Biogeosciences, 5, 1457-1473 (2008) — Details
  • Schmitt, A; Glaser, B; Borken, W; Matzner, E: Repeated freeze-thaw cycles changed organic matter quality in a temperate forest soil, Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 171, 707-718 (2008) — Details
  • Steiner, Chr; Glaser, B; Teixeira, W; Lehmann, J; Blum, WEH; Zech, W: Nitrogen retention and plant uptake on a highly weathered central Amazonian Ferralsol amended with compost and charcoal, Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 171, 893-899 (2008)
  • Zech, M; Glaser, B: Improved compound-specific delta13C analysis of n-alkanes for application in palaeoenvironmental studies, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 22, 135-142 (2008)
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